A list of people who tried to overturn democracy in the 2020 US elections

(Original post, January 6th:) Right now in the United States, elected officials are making efforts to block a peaceful and proper democratic transition of power. This is a non-partisan list of such people. (Let me know if I'm missing anyone.) Some of these are the ringleaders, some are just followers. Some really think they'll succeed in overturning the elections; others may think this is a gesture that will never succeed in its explicit goals, and have only the goal of a show of partisan solidarity that they might be able to leverage into votes in the future.

Regardlesss of their motives, each and every one of the following has demonstrated a willingness to overturn a democratic process and act in bad faith. These are people who have shown that they cannot be trusted to act as representatives of the people. Let their names be remembered as such: People who are using their power against democracy and against the rule of law. They should not hold a position of power, whether president, representative, mayor, or dogcatcher.

Standing witness to sedition

Note that this is not just about contesting elections. (It's not even about being a sore loser, although I certainly wouldn't trust any of these people to hold up their end of a bet.) Where there is evidence of voter suppression, counting irregularities, or election fraud, by all means make a court challenge. Calling for a recount is fine and good. But the cases below are predicated on false claims and evidence that never existed.

This is also not just about people who generically support Trump, attend his rallies, or want him to win an election. Those are all legitimate political actions to take, even if I personally disagree with them.

I am also only including those in public office or those who have chosen to work closely with them, for two reasons: One, they have chosen the additional burden of public scrutiny, unlike individuals who may have been identified in a crowd. I do not generally feel comfortable with describing the actions of a private individual as "sedition". Two, they are most likely to attempt to gain other positions of power, and therefore are most important to have on record as dangerous to our democracy. However, I may also include anyone who seems to have ambitions of public office.

Finally, I want to make it very clear that this is not an incitement to violence or harrassment. While I wholeheartedly support contacting these individuals, their party leaders, their professional bodies, and any other public officials and politely making it clear that these people must resign from and never be placed in public office or other position of authority again, it is not acceptable to attack them or their families.

This is an evolving post, incomplete by nature and by timing. Please let me know if there are pieces you think should be added!

Updates

  • 2021-01-06: Original: Texas Lawsuit amicus names
  • 2021-01-07: Added (first) election certification vote - House and Senate
  • 2021-01-08: Added "Stop the Vote"
  • 2021-01-08: Added filers of Texas Lawsuit
  • 2021-01-08: PA state senators who illegally removed body president
  • 2021-01-08: Storming of the Capitol: Derrick Evans
  • 2021-01-09: Storming of the Capitol: Amanda Chase

"Stop The Count" / "Stop The Vote"

Let's get the obvious one out of the way first: Donald Trump repeatedly called for vote-counting to be stopped . (Probably because this was too blatantly an anti-democratic slogan, he later changed to "stop the steal", although without any actual evidence of anything being stolen.) He also agitated his base to swarm ballot processing centers and intimidate election workers. Trump, or his attorney Rudy Giuliani also phoned a number of state representatives and officials to try to coerce them into stopping the count, throwing out ballots, or not certifying the numbers. Trump was even caught on tape telling the Georgia secretary of state to change the numbers and issuing vague threats against him if he didn't, both of which are prosecutable crimes. Trump and Giuliani gave direct instruction at the January 6th rally for the attendees to violently storm the capitol building and attack the legislators. These actions quality as sedition and incitement to terroristic acts.

Trump's legal team filed a number of lawsuits against states, attempting to block vote counting or certification. This team included Giuliani, Sidney Powell, Joseph diGenova, Victoria Toensing and Jenna Ellis. These lawuits were dismissed out of hand, ruled against, or deemed frivolous.

The Texas lawsuit

This is a lawsuit filed by Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton (counsel Lawrence Joseph) against other states, seeking to overturn their election results. Unsurprisingly, the US Supreme Court gave a succinct rejection on the basis that in any case, Texas has no standing to make this challenge.

The following names were signed to an amicus brief in support of the lawsuit. All of these are members of the United States House of Representatives. (I have not checked, but they all seem to be Republicans.)

126 names - House of Representatives
  • Mike Johnson (Fourth Congressional District of Louisiana)
  • Gary Palmer (Sixth Congressional District of Alabama)
  • Kevin McCarthy (Twenty-Third Congressional District of California)
  • Steve Scalise (First Congressional District of Louisiana)
  • Jim Jordan (Fourth Congressional District of Ohio)
  • Ralph Abraham (Fifth Congressional District of Louisiana)
  • Robert Aderholt (Fourth Congressional District of Alabama)
  • Rick W. Allen (Twelfth Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Jodey Arrington (Nineteenth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Brian Babin (Thirty-Sixth Congressional District of Texas)
  • James R. Baird (Fourth Congressional District of Indiana)
  • Jim Banks (Third Congressional District of Indiana)
  • Jack Bergman (First Congressional District of Michigan)
  • Andy Biggs (Fifth Congressional District of Arizona)
  • Gus Bilirakis (Twelfth Congressional District of Florida)
  • Dan Bishop (Ninth Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • Mike Bost (Twelfth Congressional District of Illinois)
  • Kevin Brady (Eighth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Mo Brooks (Fifth Congressional District of Alabama)
  • Ken Buck (Fourth Congressional District of Colorado)
  • Ted Budd (Thirteenth Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • Tim Burchett (Second Congressional District of Tennessee)
  • Michael C. Burgess (Twenty-Sixth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Bradley Byrne (First Congressional District of Alabama)
  • Ken Calvert (Forty-Second Congressional District of California)
  • Earl L. “Buddy” Carter (First Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Ben Cline (Sixth Congressional District of Virginia)
  • Michael Cloud (Twenty-Seventh Congressional District of Texas)
  • Doug Collins (Ninth Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Mike Conaway (Eleventh Congressional District of Texas)
  • Rick Crawford (First Congressional District of Arkansas)
  • Dan Crenshaw (Second Congressional District of Texas)
  • Scott DesJarlais (Fourth Congressional District of Tennessee)
  • Mario Diaz-Balart (Twenty-Fifth Congressional District of Florida)
  • Jeff Duncan (Third Congressional District of South Carolina)
  • Neal P. Dunn, M.D. (Second Congressional District of Florida)
  • Tom Emmer (Sixth Congressional District of Minnesota)
  • Ron Estes (Fourth Congressional District of Kansas)
  • A. Drew Ferguson, IV (Third Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Chuck Fleischmann (Third Congressional District of Tennessee)
  • Bill Flores (Seventeenth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Jeff Fortenberry (First Congressional District of Nebraska)
  • Virginia Foxx (Fifth Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • Russ Fulcher (First Congressional District of Idaho)
  • Matt Gaetz (First Congressional District of Florida)
  • Greg Gianforte (At Large Congressional District of Montana)
  • Bob Gibbs (Seventh Congressional District of Ohio)
  • Louie Gohmert (First Congressional District of Texas)
  • Lance Gooden (Fifth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Sam Graves (Sixth Congressional District of Missouri)
  • Mark Green (Seventh Congressional District of Tennessee)
  • H. Morgan Griffith (Ninth Congressional District of Virginia)
  • Michael Guest (Third Congressional District of Mississippi)
  • Jim Hagedorn (First Congressional District of Minnesota)
  • Andy Harris, M.D. (First Congressional District of Maryland)
  • Vicky Hartzler (Fourth Congressional District of Missouri)
  • Kevin Hern (First Congressional District of Oklahoma)
  • Jody Hice (Tenth Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Clay Higgins (Third Congressional District of Louisiana)
  • Trey Hollingsworth (Ninth Congressional District of Indiana)
  • Richard Hudson (Eighth Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • Bill Huizenga (Second Congressional District of Michigan)
  • Bill Johnson (Sixth Congressional District of Ohio)
  • John Joyce (Thirteenth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Fred Keller (Twelfth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Mike Kelly (Sixteenth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Trent Kelly (First Congressional District of Mississippi)
  • Steve King (Fourth Congressional District of Iowa)
  • David Kustoff (Eighth Congressional District of Tennessee)
  • Darin LaHood (Eighteenth Congressional District of Illinois)
  • Doug LaMalfa (First Congressional District of California)
  • Doug Lamborn (Fifth Congressional District of Colorado)
  • Robert E. Latta (Fifth Congressional District of Ohio)
  • Debbie Lesko (Eighth Congressional District of Arizona)
  • Billy Long (Seventh Congressional District of Missouri)
  • Barry Loudermilk (Eleventh Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Blaine Luetkemeyer (Third Congressional District of Missouri)
  • Kenny Marchant (Twenty-Fourth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Roger Marshall, M.D. (First Congressional District of Kansas)
  • Tom McClintock (Fourth Congressional District of California)
  • Cathy McMorris Rodgers (Fifth Congressional District of Washington)
  • Dan Meuser (Ninth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Carol D. Miller (Third Congressional District of West Virginia)
  • John Moolenaar (Fourth Congressional District of Michigan)
  • Alex X. Mooney (Second Congressional District of West Virginia)
  • Markwayne Mullin (Second Congressional District of Oklahoma)
  • Gregory Murphy, M.D. (Third Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • Dan Newhouse (Fourth Congressional District of Washington)
  • Ralph Norman (Fifth Congressional District of South Carolina)
  • Steven Palazzo (Fourth Congressional District of Mississippi)
  • Greg Pence (Sixth Congressional District of Indiana)
  • Scott Perry (Tenth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Bill Posey (Eighth Congressional District of Florida)
  • Guy Reschenthaler (Fourteenth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Tom Rice (Seventh Congressional District of South Carolina)
  • Mike Rogers (Third Congressional District of Alabama)
  • John Rose (Sixth Congressional District of Tennessee)
  • David Rouzer (Seventh Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • John Rutherford (Fourth Congressional District of Florida)
  • Austin Scott (Eighth Congressional District of Georgia)
  • Mike Simpson (Second Congressional District of Idaho)
  • Adrian Smith (Third Congressional District of Nebraska)
  • Jason Smith (Eighth Congressional District of Missouri)
  • Ross Spano (Fifteenth Congressional District of Florida)
  • Pete Stauber (Eighth Congressional District of Minnesota)
  • Elise Stefanik (Twenty-First Congressional District of New York)
  • W. Gregory Steube (Seventeenth Congressional District of New Jersey)
  • Glenn “GT” Thompson (Fifteenth Congressional District of Pennsylvania)
  • Tom Tiffany (Seventh Congressional District of Wisconsin)
  • William Timmons (Fourth Congressional District of South Carolina)
  • Jeff Van Drew (Second Congressional District of South Carolina)
  • Ann Wagner (Second Congressional District of Missouri)
  • Tim Walberg (Seventh Congressional District of Michigan)
  • Mark Walker (Sixth Congressional District of North Carolina)
  • Jackie Walorski (Second Congressional District of Indiana)
  • Michael Waltz (Sixth Congressional District of Florida)
  • Randy Weber (Fourteenth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Daniel Webster (Eleventh Congressional District of Florida)
  • Brad Wenstrup (Second Congressional District of Ohio)
  • Bruce Westerman (Fourth Congressional District of Arkansas)
  • Roger Williams (Twenty-Fifth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Joe Wilson (Second Congressional District of South Carolina)
  • Rob Wittman (First Congressional District of Virginia)
  • Ron Wright (Sixth Congressional District of Texas)
  • Ted S. Yoho (Third Congressional District of Florida)
  • Lee Zeldin (First Congressional District of New York)

(Source: CNN article with amicus brief attached.)

PA GOP blocks swearing-in of re-elected state senator

In the Pennsylvania state senate race, there was a narrow win for incumbent Jim Brewster over challenger Nicole Ziccarelli. This win hinged on whether it was legitimate to count ballots without a date, which the state supreme court approved. However, Jake Corman led other senators in a vote to replace Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman with Corman so that they could then block confirmation of Brewster as senator.

This vote was illegal, since the Lt Gov was in fact right there and able to fulfil his duties. These are the PA state senators who voted Aye on this unconstitutional action:

  • Dave Arnold
  • Ryan Aument
  • Lisa Baker
  • Camera Bartolotta
  • Michele Brooks
  • Pat Browne
  • Jake Corman
  • Bob Mensch
  • Kristin Phillips-Hill
  • Mario Scavello
  • Patrick J. Stefano
  • Tommy Tomlinson
  • Judy Ward
  • John Yudichak

There was an additional roll call for Election of President Pro Tempore, but I'm not entirely sure of the context. For reference, the following names were present on this list as Ayes in addition to the names above: ARGALL, BLAKE, BOSCOLA, DISANTO, DUSH, GORDNER, HUTCHINSON, LANGERHOLC, LAUGHLIN, MARTIN, MASTRIANO, PITTMAN, REGAN, ROBINSON, VOGEL, WARD, K., YAW

Election certification

On January 6th 2021, the House and Senate convened to certify the electoral college results from the various states. This is entirely a ceremonial process. Nevertheless, some members of Congress decided to try to block the certification of some states. After an angry mob whipped up by Trump and emboldened by these same representatives stormed the Capitol Building, many of these representatives changed their tune, and quickly certified the results -- and then started denying they had ever tried to block things. I can only assume that they thought of themselves as harmlessly grandstanding, and that the angry mob brought home the very real danger of their actions.

Members of the Senate who objected to certifying the election results:

  • Tommy Tuberville (R-AL)
  • Roger Marshall (R-KS)
  • Joshua Hawley (R-MO)
  • Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
  • Ted Cruz (R-TX)
  • Rick Scott (R-FL)
  • John Kennedy (R-LA)
  • Cynthia Lummis (R-WY)

And in the House of Representatives (likely mostly overlap with the Texas Lawsuit signatories):

139 names - House of Representatives
  • Robert Aderholt (R-AL)
  • Mike Rogers (R-AL)
  • Mo Brooks (R-AL)
  • Gary Palmer (R-AL)
  • Jerry Carl Jr. (R-AL)
  • Felix Moore (R-AL)
  • Rick Crawford (R-AR)
  • Paul Gosar (R-AZ)
  • Andy Biggs (R-AZ)
  • Debbie Lesko (R-AZ)
  • Ken Calvert (R-CA)
  • Darrell Issa (R-CA)
  • Devin Nunes (R-CA)
  • Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
  • Doug LaMalfa (R-CA)
  • Mike Garcia (R-CA)
  • Jay Obernolte (R-CA)
  • Doug Lamborn (R-CO)
  • Lauren Boebert (R-CO)
  • Mario Diaz-Balart (R-FL)
  • Bill Posey (R-FL)
  • Daniel Webster (R-FL)
  • Matt Gaetz (R-FL)
  • Neal Dunn (R-FL)
  • John Rutherford (R-FL)
  • Brian Mast (R-FL)
  • Gregory Steube (R-FL)
  • Katherine Cammack (R-FL)
  • Scott Franklin (R-FL)
  • Byron Donalds (R-FL)
  • Carlos Giménez (R-FL)
  • Buddy Carter (R-GA)
  • Jody Hice (R-GA)
  • Barry Loudermilk (R-GA)
  • Rick Allen (R-GA)
  • Andrew Clyde (R-GA)
  • Marjorie Greene (R-GA)
  • Russ Fulcher (R-ID)
  • Mike Bost (R-IL)
  • Mary Miller (R-IL)
  • Jackie Walorski (R-IN)
  • Jim Banks (R-IN)
  • James Baird (R-IN)
  • Ron Estes (R-KS)
  • Tracey Mann (R-KS)
  • Hal Rogers (R-KY)
  • Steve Scalise (R-LA)
  • Clay Higgins (R-LA)
  • Mike Johnson (R-LA)
  • Andy Harris (R-MD)
  • Tim Walberg (R-MI)
  • Jack Bergman (R-MI)
  • Lisa McClain (R-MI)
  • Jim Hagedorn (R-MN)
  • Michelle Fischbach (R-MN)
  • Sam Graves (R-MO)
  • Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
  • Vicky Hartzler (R-MO)
  • Billy Long (R-MO)
  • Jason Smith (R-MO)
  • Steven Palazzo (R-MS)
  • Trent Kelly (R-MS)
  • Michael Guest (R-MS)
  • Matthew Rosendale Sr. (R-MT)
  • Richard Hudson (R-NC)
  • David Rouzer (R-NC)
  • Ted Budd (R-NC)
  • Dan Bishop (R-NC)
  • David Cawthorn (R-NC)
  • Adrian Smith (R-NE)
  • Jefferson Van Drew (R-NJ)
  • Stella Herrell (R-NM)
  • Lee Zeldin (R-NY)
  • Chris Jacobs (R-NY)
  • Nicole Malliotakis (R-NY)
  • Jim Jordan (R-OH)
  • Bill Johnson (R-OH)
  • Bob Gibbs (R-OH)
  • Warren Davidson (R-OH)
  • Tom Cole (R-OK)
  • Frank Lucas (R-OK)
  • Markwayne Mullin (R-OK)
  • Kevin Hern (R-OK)
  • Stephanie Bice (R-OK)
  • Mike Kelly (R-PA)
  • Scott Perry (R-PA)
  • John Joyce (R-PA)
  • Guy Reschenthaler (R-PA)
  • Joe Wilson (R-SC)
  • Jeff Duncan (R-SC)
  • Tom Rice (R-SC)
  • Ralph Norman Jr. (R-SC)
  • William Timmons (R-SC)
  • Chuck Fleischmann (R-TN)
  • Scott DesJarlais (R-TN)
  • Tim Burchett (R-TN)
  • John Rose (R-TN)
  • Mark Green (R-TN)
  • Diana Harshbarger (R-TN)
  • Michael Burgess (R-TX)
  • John Carter (R-TX)
  • Pete Sessions (R-TX)
  • Louie Gohmert Jr. (R-TX)
  • Randy Weber (R-TX)
  • Roger Williams (R-TX)
  • Brian Babin (R-TX)
  • Jodey Arrington (R-TX)
  • Michael Cloud (R-TX)
  • Lance Gooden (R-TX)
  • Ron Wright (R-TX)
  • Patrick Fallon (R-TX)
  • August Pfluger II (R-TX)
  • Ronny Jackson (R-TX)
  • Troy Nehls (R-TX)
  • Morgan Griffith (R-VA)
  • Ben Cline (R-VA)
  • Robert Good (R-VA)
  • Thomas Tiffany (R-WI)
  • Scott Fitzgerald (R-WI)
  • Carol Miller (R-WV)
  • David Schweikert (R-AZ)
  • Greg Pence (R-IN)
  • Jacob LaTurner (R-KS)
  • Garret Graves (R-LA)
  • Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
  • Gregory Murphy (R-NC)
  • Elise Stefanik (R-NY)
  • Steve Chabot (R-OH)
  • Cliff Bentz (R-OR)
  • Glenn Thompson (R-PA)
  • Lloyd Smucker (R-PA)
  • Daniel Meuser (R-PA)
  • Fred Keller (R-PA)
  • David Kustoff (R-TN)
  • Beth Van Duyne (R-TX)
  • Chris Stewart (R-UT)
  • Clarence Owens (R-UT)
  • Robert Wittman (R-VA)
  • Alex Mooney (R-WV)

Source: The Guardian: "The long list of Republicans who voted to reject election results".

Storming of the Capitol

A number of private citizens participated in the storming of the Capitol Building during the election certification. But there was also at least one elected official. Derrick Evans, a state representative in West Virginia, was arrested on January 8th after his participation in the riot and invasion.

Virginia Republican gubernatorial candidate and state senator Amanda Chase called the rioters "patriots" after the storming of the capitol.

(Some other lawmakers were present for the rally but did not necessarily participate in the riot or praise it. Attendance of the rally only qualifies as peaceful assembly, even if the main speaker was calling for violence.)


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